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Lockheed C-130 Hercules in Detail

With Focus on the Swedish Air Force Service

n text by Henrik Bergman and Magnus Fridsell
n photos by Henrik Bergman, Andreas Stöckl, Anders Edbäck and Åke Söderberg



The Hercules has turned 50! On August 23 1954, test pilot Stan Beltz pushed the four throttles forward and YC-130 53-3397 took to the air for the first time after a remarkably short (855 ft.) take-off run. Together with his three-man crew he landed 61 minutes later at Edwards AFB. The two prototypes were the only Hercules aircraft to be built at Burbank in Californa, all aircraft has since then been built at the Martin facilities in Marietta, Georgia. The first Marietta-built aircraft took to the air less than one year later, in April 1955.

The Hercules in Sweden

The first Hercules to arrive in Sweden on March 4, 1965 was C-130 E1 serial 4039, it got the Swedish Air Force serial 84001. Initially it was leased from Lockheed but in September 1965 it was bought by the Air Force, receiving fin number 71. This means that Sweden was the first air force in Europe to operate the Hercules.

In Swedish service the aircraft received designation Tp 84 (Tp = transportflygplan, transport aricraft).

84001 in 1965 while it was leased from Lockheed, still with its USAF registration on the fin.
Photo by Åke Söderberg.

Since 1965, seven more have arrived making the total population eight aircraft all serving with the air transport unit based at F7 AFB at Såtenäs. The second aircraft to arrive came in May 1969, the third in November 1975 and the fourth in March 1981. The last four all arrived in one batch, in May 1981. The two earliest aircraft were E-models while the rest have all been H-models. During the years, all aircraft have been upgraded to H standard (more or less!). Other significant changes are new engines for the whole fleet and for 844 to 848 an extensive early warning and electronic warfare system. The most recent development involves only one aircraft, 842. This will be modified to a tanker aircraft, allowing JAS 39 Gripen to refuel in flight. Work started late 2003. For the future, a thorough avionics upgrade is planned for 2008 so we will probably see the Hercules fly for many more years!

Some of these aircraft have lived fairly adventurous lives. They were intended for military airlift but many have spent considerable time in human relief operations far outside the boundaries of Sweden. The first to go abroad was 84001, it was leased by the Swedish Red Cross for operations in Biafra in 1968. For a short time, it was registered as "SE-XBT" and painted white with prominent red cross markings instead of natural metal. Since 1968, the Swedish Hercules aircraft have been involved in UN operations in Biafra, Angola, Eritrea/Ethiopia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Namibia, Saudi Arabia, Sarajevo, Somalia and maybe a few more countries!

84001 in temporary civilian markings as "SE-XBT" working for Swedish Red Cross in Biafra in 1967.
Photo by Åke Söderberg.

Hercules, the Air Show Favourite!

Old 84001, since 1980 with fin number 841, is the great artist of the Hercules fleet. It is the aircraft usually used for the Hercules air show routine. An unique feature is the part of the display where the aircraft is flown on the inboard engines only. Another spectacular treat are over-the-vertical turns and tactical landings, the display routine have been the high point of air shows all over Europe.

843 pulling its favourite party trick: Turning sharply with outer engines closed down!
Photo by Andreas Stöckl taken at Zeltweg in Austria in 2003.

Camouflage and Markings of Tp 84s

84001 and 84002 were flown in natural metal until about 1975 when they were repainted in green with grey lower surfaces. This lasted until the early 1990s when all aircraft were repainted in a darker green with less prominent markings. The next major change came in the late 1990´s when the worldwide low-viz trend finally caught up with them! Today all eight are low-viz grey overall with grey markings.

An excellent source for detailed profiles (and much more) of all the paint schemes is Anders Edbäck's website covering the Hercules in Swedish service.

Tp 84 Lockheed C-130H Hercules in detail

Henrik Bergman took the grand tour of Hercules 848 with his digital camera, the youngest in the family, the result of which can be seen below. Henrik works as a technician at the air transport unit at Såtenäs AFB, F7.





Part 1 - Forward Fuselage

Part 2 - Rear Fuselage

Part 3 - Engines
 

 

  Sources and Credits  
  • Raymond Andersson, F7 gårds- och flottiljmuseum.

  • Mighty Hercules, Lindsay Peacock.

  • Lockheed Hercules, Francis K Mason.

  • Lockheed Hercules production list 1954-1998 15th edition, Lars Olausson.

  • Anders Edbäck's wonderful Hercules website 

A warm word of thanks to Anders Edbäck for permission to use photos taken by him and Åke Söderberg and to Andreas Stöckl of Austria for letting us use his dynamic air show photo! 

 

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